But the biggest question remained what to do with those who had been released in Eastern Europe. It was agreed that the Soviet Union would help establish non-permanent governments in Eastern Europe and help the population create democratic institutions and a democratic electoral process. It turned out that it turned out that many Americans were suspicious of the communist country`s intentions and wanted to remain loyal to the agreement. Stalin`s camp has not kept its promise to hold free elections in Eastern Europe, and nowhere has this been as evident as in Germany itself. At the Potsdam Conference in the summer of 1945 (after Germany`s capitulation to Europe and before the bombs were dropped in Japan), the Allies consolidated an agreement they had reached at Yalta in various areas of occupation in Germany. Despite many disagreements, Allied leaders managed to reach some agreements in Potsdam. Negotiators thus confirmed the status of Germany demilitarized and disarmed among the four zones of the Allied occupation. According to the protocol of the conference, there should be “complete disarmament and demilitarization of Germany”; all aspects of German industry that could be used for military purposes should be removed; all German military and paramilitary forces should be eliminated; and the manufacture of all military equipment in Germany was prohibited. In addition, German society should be redeveloped by the repeal of all discriminatory laws of the Nazi era and by the arrest and trial of Germans considered “war criminals” on the democratic model. The German education and judicial system should be purged of all authoritarian influence and democratic political parties would be encouraged to participate in the management of Germany at the local and national levels.

However, the re-establishment of a German national government was postponed indefinitely and the Allied Control Commission (composed of four occupying powers, the United States, Great Britain, France and the Soviet Union) would rule the country during the interregnum. Because of these ideological conflicts, the Tehran conference did not result in a uniform vision of the post-war period. However, an agreement was reached to open a new front in Europe, with all three participating in the war effort on an equal footing. February 3, 1865, President Abraham Lincoln (1809-65) and Foreign Minister William H. Seward (1801-72) met with three Confederate officials, including Vice President Alexander H. Stephens (1812-83), to discuss the possibility of negotiating the end of the American Civil War, Read more Yalta Conference 1945. Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State.Terry Charman, “How Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin Planned to End the Second World War.” Imperial War Museums, January 12 2018.La end of World War II and the division of Europe. Center for European Studies, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Yet when they met in Yalta, these three tried to imagine a post-war period in which international cooperation would define modern Europe.